Rocky Mountain National Park’s 415 square miles encompass and protect spectacular mountain environments. The Rocky Mountains are located in western North America. They are known for their beautiful scenery with mountains, trees and big game. People visit the Rocky Mountains for many recreational activities like hiking, hunting, camping and skiing or just to take in the splendors of the natural wonders.
Enjoy Trail Ridge Road – which crests over 12,000 feet including many overlooks to experience the subalpine and alpine worlds – along with over 300 miles of hiking trails, wildflowers, wildlife, starry nights, and fun times? In a world of superlatives, Rocky is on top!
The average temperature per year is 43û F. For winter the average temperature is 28û F. 40û F is the average spring temperature. In the summer 59û F is the average temperature and for fall it is 44û F. The highest temperature is 82û F in July. The lowest temperature is 7û F in January.
The average precipitation per year is 14 inches. The average for winter is 1.4 inches. The average precipitation for the season of spring is 4.2 inches. For summer it is 5.9 inches and for fall it is 2.6 inches. In the winter there are some snowstorms and blizzards. It snows later in the fall and there is decreasing precipitation. There is a lot of thunder and lightning in the summer. It rains and snows in the spring.
The latitude and longitude range is 35û N to 60û N, and 115û E to 165û E.
The Rocky Mountains are rich in environmental treasures. Conservation and protection is important to make sure the Rockies are just as wonderful as they are today for many generations.
Colorado’s mountains take your breath away — literally, at that altitude — but they hide equally stunning alpine wildflower meadows, pristine lakes and streams, and impressive wildlife, like bighorn sheep.
The Colorado River headwaters are in the park, as is the Continental Divide. The original acreage of the park was designated in 1916 by President Woodrow Wilson. Now 416 square miles, the park is ringed by national forests, expanding its sense of wilderness.
Plant and animal viewing vary with the seasons in Rocky Mountain National Park and many roads become impassible in winter, making late spring, summer and early autumn the best times to visit.
Winter (December, January, February, March)
Lower elevations on the east slope of Rocky Mountain National Park are usually free of deep snow. At higher elevations, arctic conditions prevail. Sudden blizzards, high winds, and deep snowpack are common. The west side of the park experiences more snow, less wind, and clear cold days during these months. Most high country overnight trips require gear suitable for -35 degrees or below. Skiing and snowshoeing conditions are best in January, February, and March.
Spring (April and May)
Spring comes to the Montana environs – elevations 8,000′ to 9,500′ (2,438 – 2,895 m) – in late April, although snowfall is not uncommon at this time of year. Unpredictable weather alternates between warm and cold, wet and dry. In June, spring is just reaching the subalpine country – 9,500′ to 11,500′ (2,895 – 3,505 m), while summer is on the plains. Wildflowers begin blooming at lower elevations in late April or early May. Many trails are still snow-covered. In late May, Trail Ridge Road opens for the season.
Summer (June, July, August)
On the alpine tundra — 11,500′ to 13,000′ (3,505 – 3,962 m) wildflowers bloom from late June to early August. Afternoon thunderstorms and wind are normal patterns. Always be prepared for temperature drops of 10-20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fall (September, October, November)
September and October bring clear, crisp air, blue skies, and generally dry weather. An early snowstorm may occur. Aspen leaves start changing colours in mid-September. Elk mating season begins in September and continues through most of October. Trail Ridge Road usually closes for the winter by mid-October.